The imperative tense / الأَمْر

The Arabic imperative tense (الأَمْر)

Form I / الوَزْن الأَوّل

The Arabic imperative verb is formed by stripping away the prefix تَـ from the 2nd person jussive and adding a hamzatu l-waṣl.

مُثَنّى (dual)جمع (plural)مُفْرَد (singular)الأَمْر
Imperative


اِفْعَلا
اِفْعَلُوااِفْعَلْالمُذَكَّر
masc.
المُخاطَب 
2nd person 
افْعَلْنَاِفْعَلِيالمُؤَنَّث
fem.

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Note: The vowel of the hamzatu l-waṣl is a ḍamma if the verb has a ḍamma on the middle root letter, otherwise it is a kasra.

اُدْخُلْ
enter!


← الأَمْر
Imperative
← دَخَلَ يَدْخُلُ
to enter
اِفْتَحْ 
open!
← فَتَحَ يَفْتَحُ
to open
اِجْلِسْ
sit!
← جَلَسَ يَجْلِسُ
to sit

Augmented forms / الأَوْزان المَزِيدة

For the imperative of augmented forms (الأَوْزان المَزِيدة) the following models will be used:

ExampleCorresponding patternForm
فَكِّرْ
think!
فَعِّلْII
حاوِلْ
try!
فاعِلْIII
أَسْلِمْ
submit!
أَفْعِلْIV
تَكَلَّمْ
speak!
تَفَعَّلْV
تَداوَلْ
trade!
تَفاعَلْVI
اِنْحَسِبْ
retreat!
اِنْفَعِلْVII
اِرْتَجِلْ
improvise!
اِفْتَعِلْVIII
اِحْمَرِرْ
blush!
اِفْعَلِلْIX
اِسْتَسْلِمْ
surrender!
اِسْتَفْعِلْX

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Imperative

The imperative tense

Learn how to give commands and express orders in Arabic using the imperative tense. Our comprehensive guide covers the forms, usage, and variations of this important aspect of Arabic grammar. Master the imperative and enhance your communication skills in Arabic today!

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