Verbal nouns / المَصادِر

Arabic dialects map

The term المَصْدَر, or ‘the source’ in English, is a noun that originates from the verb and signifies the action, quality or condition described by it. We have already seen verbal nouns in Arabic for augmented forms (الأَوْزان المَزِيدة) under the ‘Intermediate section‘, but not for Form I. We mentioned that, unlike the augmented forms where each form corresponds to one or two verbal noun patterns, there are too many different verbal noun forms for Form I to consider them as a specific pattern that could be displayed on the table. In this section, we’ll deal with the six different types of verbal nouns which are:

  • The original maṣdar / المصدر الأصلي
  • The mīm maṣdar / المَصْدَر المِيمي
  • The parent maṣdar / اِسْم المصدر 
  • The crafted maṣdar / المَصْدَر الصِناعي
  • The noun of one time / اسم المرة
  • The noun of manner / اسم الهَيْئة

The original maṣdar / المَصْدر الأصلي

The original maṣdar is the name given to verbal nouns corresponding to verbs in their simplest form (i.e. form I) whether they are triliteral ثُلاثي or quadriliteral رُباعي. In this section we’ll only deal with the most common verbal noun patterns for triliteral verbs under Form I.

الأَمْثِلة
Examples
الوَزْن
Pattern
مَدْح
praise
نَقْل
transportation
فَتْح
opening
فَعْل
most common for transitive verbs
شُرْب
action of drinking
جُبْن
cowardice
بُخْل
avarice
فُعْل
most common for transitive verbs
فَرَح
joy
أَسَف
regret
عَمَل
work
فَعَل
comes from transitive verbs فَعُلon pattern  
رُجُوع
return
صُعود 
rise/ascension
وُصُول
arrival
فُعُول
for verbs of motion
خِياطة
sewing
زِراعة
agriculture
تِجارة
commerce
فِعالة
indicates a craft or its likeness
يُبوسَةٌ
dryness 
سُهُولة
simplicity
صُعُوبة
hardness
فُعُولة
comes from transitive verbs on pattern فَعُل
طَيَرَان
flying
غَلَيان
ebullition
جَوَلان
circulation 
فَعَلان
verbs indicating volatility and disorder

The mīm maṣdar / المَصْدَر المِيمي

The mīm maṣdar begins with a mīm (م) and a fatḥa and has the same connotation as the original maṣdar, but surpasses it in the strength and emphasis of the connotation. It is always in the masculine singular form.

الأَمْثِلة
Examples
الوَزْن
Pattern
وَزْن الفعل
Verbal form
مَمات
death
مَطْلب
demand

مَفْعَل

الثُلاثي المُجَرَّد
simple triliteral root (form I)


مُوْقِف
position


مَوْعِد
appointment



مَفْعِل
الثُلاثي المُجَرَّد
simple assimilated triliteral root (form I) starting with wāw واو

مَغْفِرَة
forgiveness 

مَعْرِفة
knowledge 

مَفْعِلة
بَعْض الثُلاثي المُجَرَّد
some simple triliteral root (form I)
مُنْطَلق
premise
مُرْتَقَب 
outlook
وَزْن اسم المفعول
passive participle pattern
الثُلاثي المَزِيد
augmented triliteral roots 

The parent maṣdar / اِسْم المصدر 

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